Sardar Sikandar Hayat Khan

Sikandar Hayat Khan

Sardar Sikandar Hayat Khan (Late):

Prime Minister of Azad Jammu and Kashmir
17 June 1985 – 28 June 1990

Preceded by: Abdul Hamid Khan
Succeeded by: Raja Mummtaz Hussain Rathore

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Prime Minister of Azad Jammu and Kashmir
17 June 1985 – 28 June 1990

Preceded by: Abdul Hamid Khan
Succeeded by: Raja Mummtaz Hussain Rathore

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President of Azad Jammu and Kashmir
12 August 1991 – 11 May 1996

Preceded by: Abdul Rasheed Abbasi
Succeeded by: Abdul Rasheed Abbasi

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President of Azad Jammu and Kashmir
23 May 1996 – 11 August 1996

Preceded by: Abdul Rasheed Abbasi
Succeeded by: Raja Mummtaz Hussain Rathore

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Early life and education:

Born into an eminent political family of Kashmir, Khan was the son of Sardar Fateh Muhammad Khan Karelvi, famous for his role in one of the first major uprisings against the Dogra regime in 1931. His father led the protest against a tax on salt imposed by the Maharaja’s regime.[4]

Sardar Sikandar Hayat Khan received his early schooling in his native village of Karela in Fatehpur Thakiala, now in District Kotli, and in Poonch city. He went on to study at Gordon College (Rawalpindi), graduating in 1956 before going on to the University Law College in Lahore to obtain a law degree in 1958.[4]

Career:

After formally joining the All Jammu and Kashmir Muslim Conference, he ran for membership in the Kotli council, a position he occupied for eight years, during which he was also elected the President of Bar Association, Kotli.[citation needed] In 1970, he was elected to the Azad Jammu & Kashmir Legislative Assembly and became the Revenue Minister in 1972.[4]

He returned to office from his constituency in every election held in Azad Kashmir between 1970 and 2001, barring the years when he was President of Azad Kashmir.[citation needed] His brother Sardar Muhammad Naeem Khan[5] served as a member from that area during that period.

He served as acting President of the Jammu & Kashmir Muslim Conference in the 1976–78 period and was elected President in 1978, a position he held until 1988. In 1985, he was elected Prime Minister of AJK and served until 1990. He headed the opposition in the Assembly until 1991, when he was elected President of AJK for a five-year term. On 25 July 2001, he was sworn in as Prime Minister of AJK for a second time, serving another five-year term. Khan initially retired from active politics in July 2006.[4] However, he later played a major role in introducing Pakistan Muslim League (N) in AJK for which he was given the position of Senior Vice President of PML-(N) in 2011.[6]

Death:

On 9 October 2021, Hayat, who was diabetic and a cardiac patient, died in his hometown; Aged 87.

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